The First Settlers of the Villa de Alburquerque ~ 1706




When the Spanish settlers returned to New México after thirteen years of exile in El Paso del Norte, they moved into the lands that had been given to their families before the revolt. Much of the settlement of New México had taken place in the area know as the Río Abajo. The Río Abajo stretches south of Cochiti Pueblo to Isleta Pueblo. Among these families were those who become the founders of the Villa de Alburquerque in 1706. We know their names because Francisco de Candelaria left a list of twenty-three families who were among the earliest of settlers.


Duque de Alburquerque

In the year 2006, we celebrated the beginnings of Alburquerque three-hundred years ago. In celebration, The New México Genealogical Society published an amazing book full of the genealogy of these families titled Aqui se Comienza, a Genealogical History of the founding Families of La Villa de San Felipe de Alburquerque. I have been pleasantly surprised to find many of my father's ancestors among these first families of Alburquerque.



My ancestors who show up on the Spanish Census for Villa de San Felipe de Alburquerque in 1750 270
Household #6
Nicolasa González, Spanish, 25, widow of  Miguel Lucero; 4 children: Rosa, 8; Maragrita, 6, Diego, 4, Juan, 1; Bárbara, Indian, servant, 15.

Household #30
Juan Antonio Medina, mulatto, 34; wife, Francisca Fernández, Spanish, 23; 4 daughters: Catharina, 9; María Luisa 7; Polonia, 4; Gregoria, 3 months.

Household #42
Josefa de Quintana, Spanish, 51, widow of José Aragón, Spanish, 4 Children: Bartholomé, 25; Antonio Alberto, 19; Juan, 15; María, 11; orphan: María, 7

Household #43
José de Quintana, Spanish, 80 and wife, Antonia Luxán, 81

Household #58
Juliana Saens, Spanish, widow of Juan Griego, Spanish, 6 children: Juan 20, Matheo, 18, Manuela, 16, Rosa, 11, Silvestre, 10, Joachin, 8; 1 female servant, Indina, 40, with 4 children: Gregorio, 12; Tomás, 10. Gregoria, 6; Anna, 4; orphan: María de la Luz, 4

Household #63
Antiono de la Candelaria, 39; wife Andrea Gutíerrez, 30; Juana Rosalia Candelaria, 13; Juan Joseph Candelaria, 12; Maria Leocadia Candelaria, 11; Antonio Francisco Candelaria, 9; Ynes Candelara, 6; and Joseph Matheo Candelaria, 3.

Household #66
María Naranjo, 70, widow of Juan Alejo Gutierres, Spanish; daughter, Josepha, 32, Widow of Francisco Gonzales; 4 children José Antonio, 12; Francisco, 10; Antonio, 6; natural daughter, 13.

Household #94
Diego López, coyote 29, wife, Juana Candelaria, 25; four children: Marta 8; Bisente, 6; Anna María, 5; Tomasa, 4; Manuela, India, servant, 12.

Household #105
Bernadina Hurtado, 60, India; Husband José Salas, Spanish, 50; Antonia, Indian, servant

Household #106
Lieut. Retired, Don Ramón García Jurado, 70 widower of Doña Bernadina Hurtado; son: Joseph 16; with two little Coyotes: Juan, 12; Miguel, 9; Bárbara, Indian, servant 16.

Household #108
Toribio García Jurado, Spanish, 18; wife, Antonia Teresa Gutierres, Coyote, 16.

Household #111
Joseph Sanches, Spanish 60; wife Teresa Jaramillo, Coyote, 55 ; 2 children : Juan 20, Gertrudis 16; Orphans: Manuel, 12; Antonia 11; Indiana servant, 40 with children: Sebastian, 21; Miguel, 9; Francisca 25, with 2 children Maria 7; Joseph 5; Maria Antonia, 14; Rosa Indian 14; Male Indian 15.

Household #123
Ygnacio Chaves, Spanish, 25; wife, Gregoria Maese; Spanish, 17, Juan Maria.

Household #124
Juana Baca, Spanish, age 52, widow of Fransico Chaves with seven children: Ysabel age 23, Margarita age 21, Ysidora age 7, Juana age 4, José age 18, Miguel Antonio age 15 and Josefa age 12.

Household #127
Antonia Baca, Spanish, age 50, widow of Don Antonio de Chaves with three children: José Antonio age 15, Josefa age 13 and Antonia age 10; Bárbara, Native American servant with two children: Miguel age six & Ysidora age six months; Manuela, Native American servant, age twenty; María Francisca, Native American age twelve and Gregorio, Native American age ten.

Household #135
Jacinto Sanches, Spanish, age 40 with his wife Fegenia Chabes, Spanish, age 36; 7 children: José age 12, Juan Domingo age 9, Ursula age 7, Felicidad age 5, Dorotea age 3, María Josef age 6 months

Household #151
Mathías Romero, Spanish, 70; wife Angela Ballegos, 60; children: Bartholomé Romero, 32; Tadeo Romero, 30; Ygnacio, 19

Household #154
Ynacio Baca, Spanish, 35; wife, Margarita Romero, Spanish, 30; children: Gregoria, 10; Francisco, 9; Josepha, 6; Diego Antonio, 3; María de los Dolores, 3 months; Manuela, India, 45, single, with 3 children: María 14; Agustín, 7 Juana, 3.

Household #174
Juan Montaño age 53 with his wife, Ygnacia Lucero age 48 and their two children, Luisa age 15 and Ysabel age two.

Household #178
Quiteria Romero, S, 35, widow of Nicolás García (Montaño), S, 38; children: Bárbara, 15; Anastacio, 14; María, 12; Juan Antonio, 10, Foilano, 6; Rita, 2

Household #183
Ysidro Sanchez, Spanish, age 50; wife Teresa Varela, Spanish, age 36; Gabriel, age 23; Dionicio, age 21; Victoria, age 17; Alejandro, age 11; Monica, age 9 Manuel, age 7; and Maria, age 1.

Household #188
Nicolas de Aragón, Spanish, 45; wife, Margarita Gallegos, Spanish, 40; children: Manuel, 19; Mariano, 17; Feliciana, 13; Juana, 7; Juan Francisco, 3.

Household #190
José Salas, Mulatto, 20; wife, Bárbara Aragón, 18; daughter: Juana, 5; sister, Francisca, 7




My New Mexico Roots - My link to the New England Pilgrim settlers & their link to a Web of European Ancestors
© Nancy López
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