Nancy López's Roots


New Colonists to New Mexico, 1693
Taken from the Spanish Archives of New Mexico, Vol. II269
Pages 92-94

54c DE VARGAS, DIEGO. Re-conquest; operations of 1693; desertions; report to the viceroy; list of families sent from Mexico as colonists.

This archive, with no title, lacks the first three folios; it is dated September 1, 1693, and contains a list of the settlers accompanying De Vargas on the second entrada.

These original settlers (vecinos) at the time of the entrada, according to this archive, received, per family, sums varying from three hundred to three hundred and twenty dollars each. After each entry appears the following:

"The first of September, 1693, this family received from the hands of the treasure, Señor Don Joseph de Urrutia, three hundred dollars, which the government held ready to give them to provide necessaries for the journey."

The phrase "aquiline face" used so frequently in the descriptions, means "a long face having an aquiline of hooked nose."

In the various ecclesiastical records of New Mexico of New Mexico, the genealogy of the descendants of these families and first settlers may be found. This list, of course, does not include the names of those who had been driven out of the country in 1680 and were now returning, nor are the names of officers, soldiers and frayles mentioned.

The first name in this archives is:
  • SIMON DE MOLINA, son of Tomás, a native of Mexico, at San Juan, forty years of age, more of less, medium height, pock-marked, large eyes and rather thick nose.

  • MICAELA DE MEDINA, wife of the above, daughter of Cristobal, native of San Juan, thirty years of age, able bodied, aquiline face, large eyes.

  • NICOLAS FRANCISCO DE MOLINA, son of the aforesaid, native of Mexico, of the same quarter (San Juan), one year old, white and fair, large eyes.

  • MARIA TERESA DE MOLINA, also child of the above mentioned, native of Mexico, same quarter, four years old, broad face, swarthy color, large eyes, thick nose.

  • PAULA ANTONIO DE MOLINA, daughter and sister of the aforesaid, native of Mexico, same quarter, three years old, round face, swarthy color, large eyes, and think nose.

  • ANDRÉS DE BETTANCOS, widower, son of Don Geronimo, native of Mexico, San Agustín, forty years, medium height, round face, bald, large eyes and "Greek" nose.

  • FRANCISCO DE BETTANCOS, son of the above named, native of Mexico, San Francisco, twenty years, able-bodied, aquiline face, broad forehead, and rather thick nose.

  • SANTIAGO DE BETTANCOS, son and brother of the above mentioned, native of Mexico, aged nineteen, able bodied, chestnut hair, small nose, and a mole on the cheek.

  • ANTONÍO DE MOYA, son of Juan, native of Mexico, at Santa Teresa's, twenty-one years of age, broad face, large eyes and forehead, rather wide nose.

  • FRANCISCA DE MORALES, wife of the above mentioned, daughter of Juan, native of Mexico, at the Little Stairs (a las escalerillas), seventeen years of age, able-bodied, round face, large eyes.

  • MANUEL RODRÍGUEZ, son of Juan, native of Mexico, Calle de Velos, twenty-seven years old, tall, round face, large eyes, and sharp nose.

  • MARIA DE LA INCARNACION, wife of the above, native of Lameda (?), daughter of Antonío de Palacios, medium height, large face pockmarked, circles under the eyes, and swarthy color.

  • JOSEPH DE ATIENZA, Sevillian, son of the same, native of Mexico at the Arch of San Agustín, seventeen years of age, medium height, aquiline face, white, and a mole on the left cheek.

  • (Of) the family TRUJILLO, wife of the above, daughter of Nicolás, native of Mexico, Calle Real, seventeen years of age, able bodied, round face, large eyes, and small nose.

  • JOSEPH DAMIAN TRUJILLO, brother of the foregoing, native of Mexico, same quarter, seven years of age, fat face, large eyes.

  • JUAN FERNANDEZ DE ATIENZA LADRON DE GUEBARA, son of the same, native of Puebla, twenty-five years of age, able bodied, aquiline face, large eyes and forehead.

  • TERESA FERNANDEZ, wife of the above, daughter of Martín, native of Puebla, twenty-two years of age, round face, large forehead and eyes, thick nose.

  • SANTIAGO MANUEL FERNANDEZ DE ATIENZA, son of the foregoing, native of Mexico, at Orbillo (?), four years of age, aquiline face, large eyes, and broad nose.

  • MARIA DE RIBERA, widow, mother of the said Teresa, native of Puebla, forty years of age, tall, large eyes.

  • FRANCISCO DE LA ROSA, son of Son Antonío, native of Guejocingo, twenty-six years of age, able bodied, swarthy, large forehead and eyes, rather thick nose.

  • ANTONÍO DE LA ZERNA, native of Mexico, in the street of Don Antonío de la Vergara, twenty-four years of age, able bodied, large eyes.

  • ANTONÍO SAYAGO, son of Juan, native of Mexico, twenty-five years of age, aquiline face, swarthy color, large forehead and eyes.

  • MARÍA SAMORRA, wife of the above, daughter of Don Bartolomé, native of Mexico, thirty years of age, medium height, broad face, mole on the right cheek.

  • SANTIAGO DE ARROYO, son of Simón, husband of the said María's first marriage, Calle de Merced, nine years of age, red-skinned, large eyes and small nose.

  • JUAN DE SAYAGO, nephew of the said Antonío de Sayago, and María Samorra, native of Tezcuco, four years of age, swarthy, and marked with smallpox.

  • NICOLAS JIRON, called Jeda. son of Tomás, native of Mexico, in the street of Ropemakers,fifteen years of age, able bodied, round face, white and some moles on the face.

  • JOSEPHA SEDANO, wife of the above, daughter of Pedro, native of Queretaro, thirteen years of age, medium height, aquiline face, white and fair, large eyes.

  • TOMÁS DE ITTA (ZITA?), son of Nicolas, native of Mexico, at Carmen, twenty-four years old, tall, dark hair, large eyes, and in the chine on the right side of the mark of a wound.

  • ANTTONIA GUTÍERREZ, wife of the above, daughter of Mateo, native of Mexico, sixteen years of age, tall, broad face, brown hair and eyes.

  • SANTIAGO JIRON DE TEJEDA, son of the same, native of Mexico, twenty-six years of age, swarthy, large forehead and eyes, rather snub nose.

  • MARÍA DE MENDOZA, wife of the above, daughter of Graviel, native of Mexico, twenty-two years of age, able bodied, broad face, large forehead and eyes.

  • JOSÉ JIRON, called Jeda, child of the before mentioned, native of Mexico, two years of age, white and reddish, large gray eyes.

  • GERTRUDES JIRON DE TEJEDA, daughter and sister of the above named, native of Mexico, four years of age, broad face, swarthy, large black eyes, and small nose.

  • JOSÉ JARAMILLO NEGRETTE, son of Nicolás, native of Mexico, thirty-eight years old, able bodied, aquiline face, broad forehead, and a mole of the left side.

  • MARÍA DE SOTOMAYOR, wife of the above, daughter of Mateo, native of Mexico, thirty years of age, able bodied, large eyes and a mole on the left eye-brow.

  • PEDRO JOSÉ DE JARAMILLO NEGRETTE, child of the same, native of Mexico, six years of age, white, dark hair, forehead and nose small, eyes large.

  • MARÍA DE ANTTONIA JARAMILLO NEGRETTE, child of the above named, three years of age, aquiline face, large eyes, and small nose.
"native of Mexico" = Mexico City or Ciudád de Méjico
Most of the settlers who came with the new settlers with Diego de Vargas were from the area around Mexico City, while those who came with Juan Páez Hurtado came mostly from the area around Zacatecas. The red balloons represent places setters with de Vargas were natives of, and the blue balloons were those of the Hurtado settlers. There were a few born in Spain, one from Portugal and a few from other areas in the Americas.

More New Colonists With Don Diego de Vargas--->

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