Sir Robert de Tibetot Knight
- Born: 1228, Wymondham, Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire, England 141
- Marriage: Eve de Chaurces before 18 Oct 1269 141
- Died: 22 May 1298, Nettlestead, Bosmere, Suffolk, England at age 70 141
Noted events in his life were:
• Background Information. 141
Robert Tybotot, son and heir, born 1228 (*), did homage and on 23 Jan 1249/50 was given seisin of his lands in Essex. On 3 May 1254 he was granted protection to go to Gascony, but is not further mentioned until 13 May 1260, when he was granted a rent in Eston, near Grantham, by the Lord Edward, who also gave him, 10 May 1263, all the manor of Nettlestead, Suffolk. In Apr 1262 he was ordered to return Shopland to the heir of Baldwin de Ostewic and he witnessed a deed of John de Burgo, 4 July following. During the conflict between the Crown and Simon de Montfort, Robert Tybotot was a staunch supporter of the Lord Edward. After the defeat of the King at Lewes on 14 May 1264, he was among those supporters of the Crown who held Bristol against the Earl of Leicester. His name appears, in Jul 1264, among those who were said to be coming to aid the King, he joined in a raid to rescue the Lord Edward from imprisonment in Wallingford Castle and in Sep 1264 he and others were ordered to surrender control of the castles of Marlborough and Ludgershall. In Decr 1264 Simon de Montfort and the Earl of Gloucester led an army against Bristol, but when the town surrendered Robert and his associates were allowed to establish themselves in Salisbury Castle, and the Earl of Leicester was forced to compromise with the garrison of Salisbury. In Feb 1264/5 Robert Tybotot and a companion were granted safe conduct to come to the King's household, and in the following March, Robert and other persons were granted protection, provided that they did not join the King or the Lord Edward unless requested to do so by the King's Council which was controlled by Simon de Montfort.
During the period of unrest after the battle of Evesham, 4 Aug 1265, Robert seized many lands which were later restored to their rightful tenants. However, when peace was finally restored his faithfulness to the Crown was rewarded. In October 1265 he was given the house of Philip le Taylur in the City of London, in the following month he became lord of Carbrooke, Norfolk, and in January and August 1266 the manors of Allesley and Fillongley, county of Warwick, Carlton Castle and Caenby, Lincs, passed under his control. Constable of Porchester Castle, Nov 1265 to Apr 1266.
Robert was granted timber in 1267, received rights of free warren on his demesne lands, Mar 1268/9, and obtained control of Kingsbury, co. Warwick, Oct 1269. In Feb 1269/70 he became guardian of the lands of Geoffrey Lutterel in place of the £30 annual rent which he had been receiving from Bristol; and the manor of Streethall, Essex, also passed to his control. On 13 Jul 1270 he was among those who were granted protection for 4 years to accompany the Lord Edward on the Crusade, arrangements were made for the care of his heirs if he should die and attorneys were appointed to act during his absence. When he returned, the Archbishop of Canterbury was ordered by the Pope, 29 Apr 1273, to pay him 600 silver marks towards his Crusade expenses.
In January 1274/5 Robert was appointed Constable of Nottingham Castle and Keeper of the forest of Bestwood, offices which he held until his death, and in September 1279 he became Keeper of the town of Nottingham. King Edward granted him many favours. In May 1275 he became guardian of the lands and heirs of John de Moese, and in Sep of the lands of Lucy de Meinill; he was granted the marriage of the heir of John de Mohun, Jul 1279, and obtained possession of the manors of Langar and Barnston, Notts, in 1285. He was named in Oct 1275 to supervise the collection of the fifteenth in Norfolk and Suffolk; was one of the Keepers of the Bishopric of Norwich in 1278; and in Jul 1279 he was ordered to enquire in Norfolk and Suffolk concerning those who were spreading evil rumors about the King.
Robert was one of the keymen of the conquest and administration of Wales. In Nov 1276 he attended the Council which decided to declare war against Llewelyn; and in Nov 1277 he was one of the English representatives to negotiate the peace of Conway, to swear to the English observance of the peace and to conduct Llewelyn to meet Edward at Rhuddlan. He was summoned for service in Wales in 1277 and 1282; was at Westminster, Sep 1278, when Alexander, King of Scotland, did homage to Edward I; and was at Acton Burnell, Salop, Michaelmas 1283, when the Statute of Acton Burnell was promulgated. From 8 Jun 1281 till his death he was guardian of the King's lands and castles in West Wales and Justice of West Wales.
Robert was nearly captured in Mar 1282, when the castles of Llandovery and Carreg Cennen, Carmarthen, fell to the Welsh. In the same month he was appointed captain of West Wales, but on 10 Apr 1282 he was placed under the command of the Earl of Gloucester there and in Mar 1283 he was ordered to serve against the Welsh in Merionethshire. The rebellion of Rhys ap Maredudd of Dryslwyn and Dinefwr in 1287-88 was crushed by Robert, who captured Newcastle Emlyn in January 1287/8. After the rebellion Maredudd ap Richard ap Maredudd of Elfed appeared before him to submit to the King.
In Jun 1288 or 1289 Robert resisted the attempt of the Earl of Pembroke to seize the commote of Ystlwyf and in 1292 he granted the commote of Mallaen and Kylsaen to the sons of Madoc ap Arandor. Although there is no evidence of him being summoned to Parliament, he was present in pleno parliamento on 29 May 1290, when consent was given for the levy of an aid, and he was ad parliamentum to which the men of Yarmouth complained in the same year.
In 1291 Robert was one of the mainperners for the Earl of Hereford in the dispute with the Earl of Gloucester and he was summoned for service against the Scots, 1291 and 1297. He attended the meeting at Berwick-on-Tweed, October 1292, to decide the claims of Bruce or Balliol to the Scottish throne, was at Tuggrall, Northumberland, December following, when the Great Seal passed to the care of John de Langton, and witnessed the homage, of Balliol to Edward I at Newcastle-on-Tyne, 26 Dec 1292. In Jun 1294 he was granted protection to proceed with the King to Gascony and mustered at Portsmouth, August following. During the expedition he was director of finance and one of the councillors of John of Brittany, King's Lieutenant in Gascony. He acted with John de St. John, Seneschal of Gascony, on diplomatic missions and was appointed to conduct negotiations with the King of Castile. In 1295 he just managed to escape from the town of Risonces, when it was captured by the French, and he remained in royal service in southern France until the end of 1297.
He married, some time before 18 October 1269, Eve, and died at Nettlestead, 22 May 1298, aged about 70. Eve died shortly before 30 August 1300.
(*) The date of Robert's birth is estimated on the assumption that he did homage when he reached his majority. Robert's guardian had been William Turbert. In 1242 he was said to hold Wymondham and Edmondthorpe of the Earl of Derby.
~Cokayne's Complete Peerage, 2nd Edition, Vol. XII/2 pp. 89-93
Robert married Eve de Chaurces, daughter of Sir Patrice de Chaurces Knight & Lord of Kdwilly and Hawise de Londres, before 18 Oct 1269.141 (Eve de Chaurces was born about 1250 in Kempsford, Gloucestershire, England and died Before 30 Auf 1300 141.)