Sir John Tempest Knight
- Born: 24 Aug 1283, Bracewell, Yorkshire, England 1226
- Marriage: Margaret Holand 831,1226
- Died: Soon After 25 Jun 1356, Bracewell, Yorkshire, England at age 72 1226
Information about this person:
• Background Information. 831
Sir John Tempest, of Bracewell, had a military summons in 17 Edward II (1323/1324). He married Margaret, daughter of Sir Robert Holand, Knight, and the sister of Thomas Holand, Earl of Kent, K.G. (the husband of Joan Plantagenet).
~Burke's A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. I, pg. 289
• Background Information: Articles on the Tempest Family On Some Notes on Medieval English Genealogy. 1226
Sir John Tempest of Bracewell, Waddington and Broughton knt. born at Bracewell, 24 Aug 1283 (St Barth-olomews day, 11 Edward I) and baptized in St Michael's church there, his god father being Adam fil. William de Brochton, then aged 39 years who raised him from the font (qui ipsum Johannem levavit de Sacro fonte)[Inq: prob: aet 32 Edward j, No. 199]. John Tempest being a minor when his father died in September 1297, and holding in chief, the king, by writ of 3 Jan 1297-8, granted to Edmund, earl of Cornwall the lands in the king's hands of the late Richard Tempest, namely three carucates worth £10 yearly, to hold during the nonage of the heir [Echeators Accts Ultra Trent: for 26 Edward j, Pipe Roll, 30 Edward I]. In May the King in consideration of £20, granted the marriage of John, son and heir of Richard Tempest to Master Thomas de Carbury, alias Abbresbury [Exch: L.T.R. Memo: 26 and 27 Edward I, No.28, m. 68]. The £20 was ack-nowledged as paid by the executors of the earl of Cornwall [Pipe Roll 32, Edward I, m.2d].
By inquest held at Skipton, 1 Oct 1304, John Tempest, son of Richard was declared to have come of age August 24 preceeding [Inq. prob. aet: 32 Edward j, No. 199] and by writ dated at Birdsall, 12 October, 32 Edward I, the Escheator was directed to give seisin to John, son and heir of Richard Tempest of the lands his father held at his death of the King in chief, as of the Honour of Skipton Castle in Craven, and which are in the King's hands, as John had proved his age and the king had taken his homage [Close Roll 126, 32 Edward I, m.3].
In 1306, John fil. Rich-ard Tempest was defendant in a plea of debt [De Banco Roll, Mich. 34-35, Edward I, m.461]. By an inquest of the extent of the Castle and Manor of Skipton, held at Skipton Monday, 27 Apr 1310, John Tempest was declared to hold 6 carucates and 6 bovates of land of the said Castle and manor [Chanc: Inq: 3 Edward II, No. 59].
John Tempest joined the rising against the King's favorites, and 16 October 1313, John Tempest of co. York, received pardon as an adherent of Thomas earl of Lancaster and for his participation in the death of Piers Gaveston and his rebellion [Cal: Pat: Roll 1313-17, p.22 and Parl: Writs, vol. 2, Div. ij, p.67, No. 12].
Sir John Tempest joined the rising against the Spencers, but was again pardoned, by writ dated 11 July, 16 Edward II (1322) John Tempest of co. York, having participated in the rebellion and adhered to the earl of Lancaster and Barons in their rising, was spared his life and pardoned on submitting to a fine of £10, and was discharged from prison upon his oath for good behaviour and Recognizance for payment of the fine etc:, his Sureties being Hugh de Aberford, John de Strathelay, Nicholas Tempest and Gilbert de Thornton [Ibid. vol. 2, Div. 1, p.317, and Div. ii, p.260, No. 51 and p.211, No.151].
Sir John was knighted by May 1324, the sheriff of Yorkshire naming Sir John Tempest, knt, as one of the knights of the Shire for co. York, and as such he was summoned to attend the Great Council at Westminster on Wednesday, 20 May, 17 Edward II [Parl: Writs, vol. 2, Div. ij, p.646, No.58]. By writ attested at Ravendale 7 Jan, 18 Edward II (1324-5) Sir John Tempest was summoned to perform military service in Guyenne, the terms of his pardon binding him to serve the king in all his wars [Ibid. vol. 2, Div. ii, p.692, No.192).
In June 1344 Sir John Tempest of Yorks had Papal Indult to choose his con-fessor [Cal: Pap: Reg. iij, 179]. In 1346, he paid 12s 2 3/4d for 4 carucates in Bracewell and 2s 10 1/2d for a carucate in Waddington [Bk. of Aids Exch: K.R. Miscell. Bk No. 3, fols. 77 and 75]. He was a witness at Beamsley 29 July 1349 to a Maulever deed and next day he and his son Sir John Tempest knt witnessed another [Dodsw: MSS, vol. 83, fols 122 and 123]. In May 1354, he attested at Elslack to a feoffment from Godfrey de Altaripa of the manor of Elsackk [Collect: Topo: et Geneal: vol. 6, p.143] and at the same place 25 June 30 Edward III (1356) "Dno Johe' Tempest, Dominis Johanne et Ricar-do filio suo militibuz" witnessed a grant of land &c in Elslack from Thomas de Marton to Godfrey de Altaripa [Ibid: p. 143]. He probably died soon after (E.B.T.).
Sir John married Margaret, daughter of Sir Robert Holand of Upholand and Hale etc. co. Lanc. knt by Maud daughter of Alan, Lord Zouch of Ashby [Dodsw. MSS, vol. 6, fol. 54 and Visita: of Devon 1546, sub Holand]. Sir Robert Holand was secretary to Thomas, earl of Lancaster who rebelled in 1316, and again later, being beheaded 3 Oct 1328, his son and heir Robert Holand then aged 17. Maude Zouche, b. circa 1290, aged 24 when her father Alan died May 1314, and was wife of Sir Robert Holand before 1311 [Vic: C. H. Lanc: vol. 6, p.131 etc. and Inq: p.m.].
John married Margaret Holand, daughter of Sir Robert de Holand Knight, First lord of Upholland and Maud la Zouche 831.,1226