Captain Juan de Archibeque
- Born: 1671, Bayonne, France 252
- Marriage: Maria Antonia Gutiérrez in 1697 in Santa Clara, Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España
- Died: 16 Aug 1720, what is now the Platte River area in Nebraska at age 49
Another name for Juan was Jean L’Archeveque.
Noted events in his life were:
• Dates & Events. 252
Captain Juan de Archibeque as know in New Mexico, originally named Jean L'Archeveque was born in Bayonne, France in 1671, the son of Claude L'Archeveque and Marie d'Armagnac. He was part of the La Salle Expedition in search of the Mississippi Delta, but his ship landed on the Texas coast by mistake. Two years later he and a man named Grolet, surrendered themselves to the Spanish troops in Texas. They were to Mexico City, then and were condemned to work in the mines in San Luis Potosí. By 1693, they were among those recuited to come to New Mexico at Zacatecas.
~The Origins of New México Families, pg. 129
• Background Information. 269
From the Spanish Archives, Vol. 1, pg. 14-15:
According to Ad. F. Bandelier, Capitán Juan de Archiveque was the captain of the War Councils of 1715 and 1720, and in the 1720 council "where the project of the illfacted reconnoissance to the Arkansas river was discussed, and Capt. Archibeque strongly recommended it, alleging in its favor, along other easons, that it would procure definite information in regard to 'his' countrymen, the French.
"Researchers at the archives of U.S. Surveyor-General's office at Santa Fé brought to light documents which impart valuabble information. There is in the first place a transfer to Juan de Archibeque, 'a soldier' of certain real estate in Santa Fé, in the year 1701. Lastly there is the Inventory of the goods and chattels of the Capitán Juan de Archibeque, a Frenchman, bearing date 1720. From this manuscript we gather that our man accompanied the expedition ot the Arkansas which he had so strongly advocated, and the he, with some forty-three other Spaniards, was killed there by the Pawnee Indians on the 17 of Qugust of the same year.
"We futher gather that Archibeque was twice married, and left two legitimate and two illegitimate children: That after leaving the military service he became a successful trader, extending his trading tours to Sonora, and sometimes buying directly at the City of México. His estate, after settlement, yielded 6118 pesos to the heirs, an amount quite respectable at the time. Upon a second visit to Santa Clara, I (Bandelier) found there at last the Diligencia Matrimonial of L'Archeueque alias Archibeque. It bears date 1697, and his (first) wife was the widow of Thomas de Ytta, murdered in 1694 near Zacatecas by a mulatto. She herself was a native of Tezcuco, in the "Valle de Méjico."
Juan married Maria Antonia Gutiérrez in 1697 in Santa Clara, Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España. (Maria Antonia Gutiérrez was born in 1678 in Ciudád de Méjico, Nueva España and died in Santa Clara, Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España.)