Pedro Gomez Durán y Cháves
- Born: Between 1550 and 1556, Valverde de Llerna, Estremadura, Espańa311, 252,239
- Marriage: Ysabel Baca de Bohórquez in Nuevo Méjico, Nueva Espańa
- Died: Bef 1630, Arroyo del Tunque, Nuevo Méjico. Nueva Espańa 318
Source: Origins of New Mexico Families, by Fray Angelico Chavez, Revised Edition. Page 19.
Herencia Oct 1997 p. 16
Noted events in his life were:
• Dates & Events. ,252
The first time that Pedro Gómez Durán y Cháves had been in New Mexico was with Ońate's troops in 1600. He was described as a well-build man of good features, fifty years old, and the legitimate son of Hernán Sánches Rico, and born in Valverde in the jurisdiction of the Grand Master of Santiago. In 1602 he signed a petition to the Viceroy, asking that the infant colony be made a full República was a Captital, and that large grants be made to supplicants.
Don Pedro Gómez Durán y Cháves was the progenitor for the Chávez families in New Mexico. He is first mentioned using this name if 1613, when as captain, he was sent to Taos Pueblo to collect tribute for the Governor. By 1626 he was Maese de Campo, meaning Commanding General of all royal troops in New Mexico. At this time he testified that he was sixty years old, a native of Llerena, and one of the founders of Santa Fe.
• Origin. 252
Valverde de Llerena is a village some ten miles east of the city of Llerena in Estremadura, once famous as the headquarters of the Grand Master of the Order of Santiago (Order of St. James of the Sword). In June of 1952, Fray Angelico Chavez traveled to Valverde de Llerena, Spain and examined the parish books. The sixteenth-century registers have been lost, but the seventeenth-century volume was full of the names, Cháves, Sánchez, Gómez, Durán and Rico, in various combinations. Half of the population of Valverde is still named Cháves and Chávez, and practically all of the folks in the neighboring hamlet of Verlanga.
Llerena's most famous citizen was Don Luis Zapata de Cháves (1526-1594) a Knight of Santiago, who was once imprisoned as unworthy of his knighthood for being a Don Juan; he wrote a famous historical poem, "Don Carlos Famoso" on the deeds of Charles V. Part of this poem describes the origin of the Cháves name and crest, together with a gold signet bearing the family coat of arms.
~The Origins of New Mexico Families. pg. 19
• Land: 319
From "The Adobe Kingdom" by Donald L. Lucero:
"Don Pedro Durán y Cháves I, who for some unknown reason, was always referred to by the honorific "don" reserved at this time for the governor, was an encomendero and held the highest military post in the kingdom. As a much younger man he had been a captain among Peralta's tribute collectors when diverted from his course at Nambé. By 1626 he was maese de campo of all the royal troops in New Mexico with Pedro Lucero de Godoy and the Bacas, Antonio and Alonso, all serving under his command. While the Abendańos and the Pérez de Bustillos probably lived on the plain of Santa Fé, the Durán y Cháveses lived on their estancia (a large tract of land for raising livestock) at Arroyo de Tunque in the vicinity of the San Felipe Pueblo. Although the exact site of his encomienda is not known, it was likely at the San Felipe Pueblo. He held extensive land in the Sandia jurisdiction "from the boundries fo the San Felipe Pueblo down through Bernalillo to Atrisco".
• Name: 289
From the book "The Place Names of New Mexico" by Robert Julyan: Although the name in NM almost always is spelled Chávez, Cháves is the older form. According to Chávez (Fray Angélico Chávez), the ancestor of NM families with this name was Don Pedro Durán y Chávez, like many conquistadores a native of Estremadura Province in Spain, and it's possible he was the person listed as Pedro Gomez Durán in the Ońate roster of 1600. One Don Fernando de Chavez returned with the reconquest of 1692 and settled in the Rio Abajo. Three members of the Chávez lines were NM governors between 1822 and 1834: Francisco Xavier Chávez, 1822-23; José Antonio Cháves, 1828-1831; and Mariano Chávez, 1833-1834. Col. José Francisco Cháves, son of Don Mariano, was a prominent figure in NM military and political life late in the 19th century, serving three terms as delgate to Congress beginning 1865; Chaves County was named for him. The Cháves family, more than most Hispanic families, made their mark on the NM landscape; 69 places bear their name.
Pedro married Ysabel Baca de Bohórquez, daughter of Cristóbal Baca Capitán and Ana Ortiz, in Nuevo Méjico, Nueva Espańa. (Ysabel Baca de Bohórquez was born about 1586 in Ciudád de México, Nueva Espańa 311 and died about 1637 in Arroyo del Tunque, Nuevo Méjico. Nueva Espańa.)