Richard de Clare Lord de Clare, 1st Earl of Hertford
- Born: 1094, Hertford, Hertfordshire, England
- Marriage: Adeliza de Meschin in 1116 141
- Died: 15 Apr 1136, Abergavenny, Brecknock, Wales at age 42 141
- Buried: 1136, Gloucester, England 141
Another name for Richard was Richard Fitz Gilbert Lord of Clare.
~Weis' Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700, 8th Edition, 132D:27, 161:24, 246B:25, Adeliza married Richard Fitz Gilbert, also styled Richard de Clare, lord of Clare, Suffolk. Adeliza was the daughter of Ranulph le Meschin, Earl of Chester. They were the parents of Roger de Clare who married Maud de St. Hilary.
Information about this person:
• Background Information. 141
Richard Fitz Gilbert styled also de Clare, Lord of Clare, &c., son and heir. He is often supposed to have been created Earl of Hertford by King Stephen, if not by Henry I. There appears, however, to be no ground for this belief. In 1130, he is styled on the Pipe Roll, not "Earl," either as Earl of Hertford or Earl Richard, but simply as Ric.' fil.' Gisl as is he also when his death is recorded.
Richard married Adeliza, sister of Ranulph "des Gernons," earl of Chester. He was founder of the priory of Tonbridge. He died being surprised and slain by the Welsh, near Abergavenny 15 April 1136, and was buried at Gloucester. Miles of Gloucester rescued his widow from the Welsh.
~Cokayne's Complete Peerage, 2nd Edition, (Clare), Vol. III, p. 243
• Background Information. 902
Richard de Clare, son and heir of Gilbert Fitz Richard, and was probably the first of his family who adopted the surname of Clare. He is generally believed to have been also the fist of the earls of Hertford, and to have been so created by Stephen [Const. Hist. i. 362], if not by Henry I [Chepstow Castle, p. 44)]. It may be doubted, however, whether there is ground for this belief [cf. Journ. Arch. Assoc. xxvii. 150-1]. It is as Richard Fitz Gilbert that he figures in 1130 [Rot. Pip. 31 Hen. I], when the Pipe Roll reveals him in debt to the Jews, and under the same that he appears when surprised and killed by Welsh near Abergavenny on his way to Cardigan [Iter Cambrense, pp. 47-8, 118], either in 1135 [Brut, p. 105], or more probably 1136 [Ann. Camb. p. 40], on 15 April [Cont. Flor. Wig.] His death was the signal for a general rising, and the rebels besieged his castles. His widow was rescued by Miles of Gloucester, but his brother Baldwin, whom Stephen dispatched to suppress the rising and avenge his death, failed discreditably [Gesta, pp. 10-13]. Richard, who was buried at Gloucester, was founder of Tunbridge Priory, and about 1124 removed the religious house, which his father had founded at Clare to the adjacent hill of Stoke [Mon. Angl. vi. 1052]. He married a sister of Randulf, earl of Chester, whose name is said by Brooke to have been Alice [but cf. Coll. Top. et Gen. i. 389; Journ. Arch. Assoc. xxvi. 151], by her he left, with other issue, Gilbert, earl of Hertford (d. 1152), and Roger, 5th earl.
[Sources Cited by the Author: Florence of Worcester and his Continuator (Roy. Hist. Soc.); Gesta Stephani (ib.); Annales Cambrenses (Rolls Ser.); Brut y Tywysogion (ib.); Gerald's Iter Cambrense (ib.); Monasticon Anglicanum; Collectanea To. et Gen.; Pipe Roll, 31 Hen. I; Brooke's Catalogue of the Nobility; Journal of the Archćological Association; Stubb's Constitutional History; Marsh's Chepstow Castle.]
~John Horace Round, The Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. IV, pp. 389-380
Richard married Adeliza de Meschin, daughter of Ranulph III "le Meschin" Earl of Chester and Lucy of Mercia "the Countess", in 1116.141 (Adeliza de Meschin was born about 1094 in Gernon Castle, Normandy, France and died about 1128 in South Carlton, Lincolnshire, England.)