Rodrígo "El Cid" Díaz de Vivar "El Cid," conde de Valencia
- Born: 1043-1045, Vivar, Burgos, Castile-León, España, Iberia 182
- Marriage: Jimena Díaz de Oviedo on 14 Jul 1074 182
- Died: 10 Jul 1099, Valencia, España at age 56 182,217
- Buried: Castilla, España, Iberia
Another name for Rodrígo was Ruy Díaz de Vivar, "the Cid".560
The word "Cid" (sayyid, lord) was used by the Spanish Moors of century XI to designate to a gentleman of great respect. His Christian admirers called him "el campeador," meaning "the champion."
Most likely Rodrígo Díaz "ed Cid" was born in the town of Vivar, Castilla. The reason for this that he has always be called Díaz de Vivar.
Sources from Charles Cawley's Medieval Lands:
~Historia Roderici: Barton, S. and Fletcher, R.
~The World of El Cid: Chronicles of the Spanish Reconquest, Manchester University Press, pp. 98-147, Chapter 2, p. 99.
~Historia Roderici, in The World of El Cid: Chronicles of the Spanish Reconquest, Simon Barton and Richard Fletcher, editor, Oxford Road, Manchester, England: Manchester University Press, 2000, chapter 2
~ La España del Cid - Historia Roderici, 2 vols, Ramón Menéndez Pidal, Madrid, 1947
~The Kingdom of León-Castilla under King Alfonso VI, Bernard F. Reilly, pgs. 37-38, 129 & 163 217,490
Noted events in his life were:
• Web Reference: From Wikipedia "el Cid".
El Cid was married in July 1075 to Alfonso's kinswoman Jimena Díaz. The Historia Roderici calls her a daughter of a Count Diego of Oviedo, a person unknown to contemporary records, while later poetic sources name her father as an otherwise unknown Count Gomez de Gormaz.
Tradition states that when El Cid first laid eyes on her, he was enamored of her great beauty. Together El Cid and Jimena had two children. Their daughters Cristina and María both married into royal families; Cristina to Ramiro, Lord of Monzón, grandson of García Sánchez III of Navarre via an illegitimate son; María, first (it is said) to a prince of Aragon (presumably the son of Peter I) and second to Ramón Berenguer III, count of Barcelona. El Cid's son Diego Rodríguez was killed while fighting against the invading Muslim Almoravids from North Africa at the Battle of Consuegra (1097).
El Cid's own marriage and those of his daughters raised his status by connecting him to the peninsular royalty; even today, most European monarchs (including the current King of Spain) and many commoners of European ancestry descend from El Cid, through Cristina's son, King García Ramírez of Navarre and to a lesser extent via a granddaughter Jimena of Barcelona, who married into the Counts of Foix.
• Background Information. 490
Don Rodrígo Díaz de Vivar was born in Vivar near Burgos around 1043 and died in Valencia in Jul 1099, He was buried at monastery of San Pedro de Cardeña. He is also known as "El Cid Campeador".
He was brought up in the household of Sancho, future Sancho II King of Castle, and he fought with the prince at the battle of Graus 8 May 1063. He was alférez of Sancho II King of Castile in 1066. He was Lord and independent ruler of Valencia in 1094-1099.
Rodrígo married in about 1074 doña Jimena Díaz, daughter of conde Diego Fernández de Oviedo & his second wife doña Cristina Fernández.
~Historia Roderici, Chapter 4, p. 100.
~Salazar y Acha, p. 410.
• Background Information. 189
El Cid (Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar) was born around 1043 and died in Valencias on 10 Jul 1099. El Cid, "el Campeador," is a great national her of Spain, as the subject of epic poems and ballads, and ruled Valencia 13 Jun 1094 until 1099. He was the son of Diego Lainez de Bibar of Castile & his wife Jimena, daughter on Count de Ovicdo.
~Weis' Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700, 8th Edition, 113A:23
Rodrígo married Jimena Díaz de Oviedo, daughter of Diego Fernández Conde de Ovider and Christina, on 14 Jul 1074.182 (Jimena Díaz de Oviedo died in 1106.)