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a-loop.gif - 3.0 K New Mexico History Links a-loop.gif - 3.0 K

Before there were Europeans in New Mexico, New Mexico's Indigenous People had many cultures. Here are my Links for Indigenous People of New Mexico.

New Mexico Geography and Geology

Cabeza de Vaca the Spaniard who was lost and wondering through out North America for 8 years.

Cabeza de Vaca's Adventures in the Unknown Interior of America

Cabeza de Vaca's Journey to the Southwest - de Vaca's Own Account

Story of Estevanico

Movie about Cabeza de Vaca

“Invasions—Then and Now” Fray Marcos de Niza’s route into New Mexico and his account of an early encounter at Zuni.

The Expedition of Coronado to the Southwest - Coronado's Own Account

Coronado's Report to the King of Spain, Sent from Tiguex on October 20, 1541

The Journey of Coronado, An account of the expedition to Cibola which took place in the year 1540, in which all those settlements, their ceremonies & customs, are described. Written by Pedro de Castaneda, of Najara

Tiguex War between the Tiguex People of Hawikuh Pueblo and Coronado's Spanish Expedition from Wikipedia

Tiguex Pueblos of the Río Abajo and the Tiguex War from the Office of the State Historian of New Mexico

Resources for Spanish Explorationof North American from American Beginnings

Coronado's Exploration

Francisco Vásquez de Coronado the Spanish explorer who lead the first large scale expedition into the American Southwest.

Gaspar Castaño de Sosa and His Expedition of 1590

Gaspar Castaño de Sosa from Wikipedia

Colonial New Mexico An essay from the City of Albuquerque

Colonization A Hopelessly Flawed Beginning, 1598 - Chapter One from Donald L. Lucero's book, The Adobe Kingdom

“Juan de Oñate & His Expedition of 1598-1604

Don Juan de Oñate and the First Thanksgiving

Colonization of New Mexico in the 16th Century

Oñate, Letter from New Mexico from American Journeys - Eyewitness Accounts of Early American Exploration and Settlement
More first person documents concerning New Mexico from Eyewitness Accounts of Early American Exploration and Settlement:
The Acoma Massacre during the Spanish Settlement of New Mexico

Palace of the Governors

Don Juan de Oñate

New Mexico's first Capital, San Gabriel de Yunque-Ouinge - San Juan Pueblo, New Mexico

An Uncertain Founding: Santa Fé

Origins of Santa Fé by Marc Simmons

The First Settlers of the Villa de Santa Fé ~ 1608 - 1610

Colonists in New Mexico between 1598 and 1680

History: El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro - The Royal Road into New Mexico

El Camino Real del Tierra Adentro from the World Heritage Site

El Camino Real Historic Trail Site

Jornada del Muerto - 90 miles of hell

The Last Hurdle: El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro

Conversos & Crypto-Jews in New Mexico

Crypto-Jews in Spanish New Mexico

“Crypto-Jews and the Spanish Inquisition in the New World”

The Inquisition and the Crypto-Jewish Community in Colonial New Spain and New Mexico by Staney M. Hordes

The only woman in New Mexico arrested by the Inquisition on the account of secretly being Jewish... Learn the fascinating story of Doña Teresa Aguilera y Roche, the wife of Santa Fe's colonial governor Don Bernardo López de Mendizábal. While imprisoned in Mexico City she asks for a pen and paper and writes her defense laying bare what life was like in the Palace of the Governors at that time.

Antonío de Otermín, the last Governor during the Mission Period

"Pueblo Revolt- Rising Up Against the Spaniards," From Native American Legends

The Pueblo Revolt of 1680

The Pueblo Revolt of 1680

Pueblo Runners and the Pueblo Revolt-1680

Antonío De Otermín, Governor of New Mexico, at the Time of the Pueblo Revolt

Popé a Pueblo religious leader who helped plan the Pueblo Revolt of 1680.

The Pueblo Revolt of 1680

An Indian View of Popé

“As They Had Been in Ancient Times”: Pedro Naranjo Relates the Pueblo Revolt, 1680

Pueblo revolt leaders and their home Pueblos:
  • Ku-htihth (Cochiti): Antonio Malacate
  • Galisteo (Galisteo): Juan El Tano
  • Walatowa (Jemez): Luis Conixu
  • Nambé (Nambé): Diego Xenome
  • Welai (Picuris): Luis Tupatu (Ciervo Blanco)
  • Powhogeh (San Ildefonso): Francisco El Ollito and Nicolas de la Cruz Jonv
  • Ohkay (San Juan): Po'pay and Tagu
  • San Lazaro: Antonio Bolsas and Cristobal Yope
  • Khapo (Santa Clara): Domingo Naranjo and Cajete
  • Kewa (Santo Domingo): Alonzo Catiti
  • Teotho (Taos): El Saca
  • Tehsugeh (Tesuque): Domingo Romero [Sando, Joe S. and Herman Agoyo, editors, Po'pay: Leader of the First American Revolution, Clear Light Publishing, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 2005 p. 110]

The Pueblo Revolt from Wikipedia

Revolt of the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico and Otermín's Attempted Reconquest, 1680-1682 from American Journey's first person accounts of History. The Spanish Re-Conquest of New Mexico & the Pueblo Revolt of 1696

Exile: 1680 - 1693 Regrouping - Chapter Five from Donald L. Lucero's book, The Adobe Kingdom

Reconquest of New Mexico-1692

Observations on Pueblo-Spanish Relations in the Vargas Era

Surviving Columbus: First Encounters
History of New Mexico Pueblos 1598 - 1990s
Diego de Vargas

Spanish Colonial New Mexico

A Forgotten Kingdom: The Spanish Frontier in Colorado and New Mexico, 1540-1821

Kiva, Cross, and Crown Full text covering the Mission & Spanish Colonial Periods of New Mexico History

"Tales of The Comancheros" by Marc Simmons

The Taos Trade Fairs

Tomás Vélez Cachupín, governor of New Mexico who paved the way for peace with the nomadic Indians of New Mexico

Juan Bautista de Anza & Cuerno Verde

Biographies of the Governors of Spanish Colonial New Mexico

El Moro Inscription
Inscription on El Moro by my ancestor Ramón García Jurado

Hispano Music and Culture of the Northern Rio Grande: The Juan B. Rael Collection

The Penitente Brotherhood - Los Hermanos Penitente

Penitente Brotherhood

The Pueblo League, the Plains Indians and the Genízaro - Chapter Eight from Donald L. Lucero's book, The Adobe Kingdom

The Abiquiú Genízaro Grant

Places in the West, New Mexico.

El Rancho de Las Golondrinas, A Spanish Colonial Living History Museum

The Segesser Hides - The story of Spanish Expeditions onto the Plains in the 1700s

Various articles from the New Mexico Hispanic Culture Preservation League

The Founding of Alburquerque

TheFirst Settlers of the Villa de Alburquerque ~ 1706

Bernardo de Miera y Pacheco, Map maker and Santero

Spanish Colonial Architecture from the New Mexico Museum of Art

Sanctuaries of Spanish New Mexico, Essay on the Churches of Colonial New Mexico

New Mexico Colonial Home– Circa 1815

From the Collector's Guide:

Villa De Albuquerque

An Account of Expeditions to the Sources of the Mississippi, and through the Western Parts of Louisiana, to the Sources of the Arkansas, Kansas, La Platte, and Pierre Juan, Rivers by Zebulon Pike, 1779 - 1813 - Eyewitness Accounts of Early American Exploration and Settlement

Early History of Blacks in Alburquerque and Black Heritage in New Mexico

Taos Pueblo

Three Years among the Indians and Mexicans - Adventures as one of the first American traders in Santa Fe

Santa Fe National Historic Trail

Pioneer Women on the Santa Fe Trail

“The OldSpanish Trail

Mountain Men and the Fur Trade in Taos

Mountain Men of the Gila

A Glossary of American Mountain Men Terms, Words & Expressions

William Bent a famous trapper, trader and businessman in New Mexico during the Mexican Period.

Bent, St. Vrain and Company

Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site

Kit Carson Famous mountain man and soldier in New Mexico.

Charles Goodnight one of the cattlemen who founded the Goodnight-Loving Cattle Trail in New Mexico.

Manuel Armijo

The Threads of Memory: Spain and the United States examines Spanish heritage in North America

Articles by New Mexico Historian, Marc Simmons

Revolt of 1847 Treason Trials

The people that were executed by hanging in Taos, NM as a result of the 1847 Revolt

Occupation and Rebellion: 1845 - 1847 - Chapter Thirteen from Donald L. Lucero's book, The Adobe Kingdom

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo from the New Mexico History Museum

The Gadsden Purchase of 1854

The Real Billy the Kid

About Billy The Kid

The Outlaw & A Politician - Outlaws stories from Las Vegas, N.M.

Bob Olinger New Mexico's killer deputy

Elfego Baca and the Taming Socorro

Elfego Baca and the Cowboys

The Palace Print Shop - NM Printing History

Gettysburg of the West - The Battle at Glorieta Pass
The Buffalo Solders.

Civil War & Buffalo Soldiers

Cathay Williams, Female Buffalo Soldier Served 1866-1868

The Buffalo Soldiers in New Mexico

Navajo Long Walk

Fort Sumner Historic Site/Bosque Redondo Memorial

Geronimo's surrender - Skeleton Canyon - 1886

A History of Fort Union.

Photos of Fort Union

Information about Fort Craig

The Old West In New Mexico - A colorful history lesson
about frontier New Mexico's unofficial town hall -- the saloon.

New Mexico photos from the 1800s.

New Mexico Art Tells New Mexico History

The Battle of Glorieta Pass, the Civil War in New Mexico

TheCivil War in New Mexico from New Mexico Legends

The Civil War in New Mexico

Vaqueros, New Mexico Cowboys


George McJunkin: A Chapter in New Mexico History

The Search for the First Americans

New Mexico's Shifting Boundaries

Tom "Black Jack" Ketchum

Black Jack Ketchum from Folsom, New Mexico

The Comanche - Horsemen of the Plains

Wheels Museum - The former Santa Fe Railway Shops, located in downtown Albuquerque, NM

A brief history of Silver City

A Harvey House Home page - Hotels, Lunchrooms, Restaurants in New Mexico

Fred Harvey: Civilizer of the West

New Mexico Legends

New Mexico Historical Markers, photos and description of Historical Markers throughout New Mexico

Map of the New Mexico Territory

Roosevelt's Rough Riders-1898

Rough Riders

Adolph F. Bandelier from the New Mexican State Historian

New Mexico's Statehood: 100 Years of Enchantment

The Long Journey to Statehood

Santa Fe & Taos Art Communities

History of Zozobra & More on Zozobra can be found at The Burning of Zozobra

Taos as an Art Colony: From the Taos Society of Artists to the Present

Founding the Santa Fe Art Colony - How Santa Fe Went from a Sleepy Western Town to a Fine Art Destination in a Single Generation

How the Santa Fe Art Colony began.

Mabel Dodge Lujan

Canyon Road

Georgia O'Keeffe in New Mexico

Georgia O'Keeffe and New Mexico: A Sense of Place

Georgia O’Keeffe from the New Mexico State Historian

New Mexico Art History

New Mexico culture

Music of New Mexico

From the New Mexico State Historian about New Mexican Culture:

La Bajada on the road between
Santa Fe & Albuquerque - 1920s

Montezuma north of Las Vegas

Southwest Crossroads: Cultures and Histories of the American Southwest

The Plazas of New Mexico

Settlement and Homesteading in East-Central New Mexico”

New Mexico Home Page WPA Life Histories

New Deal In New Mexico

Civilian Conservation Corps in New Mexico

WPA Guide to NM: Route 66 Tour from The WPA Guide to 1930s New Mexico

Ghost Towns of New Mexico

Brief History of the 200th & 555th - The New Mexico Brigade that took part in the Battle of Bataan in the Philippines

Bataan Death March-1942

Cabanatuan Prisoner of War Camp-1942

The Official Website of the Navajo Code Talkers

Navajo Code Talker Facts, and Navajo Code Talker Dictionary

Navajo Code Talkers History

Japanese-American Internment Camps in New Mexico

Remembering the Santa Fe Japanese Internment Camp

Italian and German prisoners of war were placed in New Mexico, with some of them returning to make New Mexico their home.
Prison Camps in New Mexico at:
  • Fort Stanton
  • Lordsburg
  • Carlsbad
  • Albuquerque housed both Italian & German POWs
  • Las Cruces - German Prisoners
  • Roswell- Mostly German POW taken in North Africa
  • Portales - Italian POWs
  • Deming
  • Santa Fe
  • Fort Sumner
Manhattan Project in Los Alamos

Trinity Atomic Test July 16, 1945

Leopold legacies - preserving the Gila Wilderness

“Reies López Tijerina and the Tierra Amarilla Courthouse Raid

Roswell Museum

Find-A-Grave: New Mexico

Santa Fe History from Santa Fe On line

Local History Articles - Socorro County History: El Camino Real - Ghost Towns - Lost Adam's Diggings - Mission Churches - La Llorona - more

Albuquerque - 2nd St. & Gold Ave.

The New Mexico Office of the State Historian

History & Nostalgia from Southern New Mexico On line

NM Historical Review

NM Jewish History Society

Historical Maps of New Mexico

New Mexico Legends, the Land of Enchantment has various essays about topics of New Mexican History

Online Exhibitions from the New Mexico History Museum

New Mexico Genealogist offers a variety of articles on New Mexico Historical topics

NM State Records Center and Archives

History of Rio Arriba & the Truchas Area

A Concise History of New Mexico published in 1912

The New Mexico Portal from Wikipedia

Teaching with Primary Sources New Mexico

HOMENew Mexico Native American Links

Photos are taken from old Postcards